機器人碼垛編程程序

閱讀:380次    日期:2020-09-12
 

機器人碼垛沒有正式普及前,工廠會通過手動的方式進行產品的包裝和分銷,同時會增加工人受傷的風險。但是,隨著技術的不斷進步,工廠會使用靈活性更好的機器人碼垛進行產品的包裝和分銷。

以前工人會因為重複提起大件或沉重物品而造成額外的傷害,並且日常的工作區域也會對工人造成傷害。現在工廠會使用機器人碼垛進行日常的堆疊工作,並且會在進料傳送帶外的工作區域放置防護裝置,這樣就可以減少工人受傷的可能。

Before the formal popularization of robot palletizing, factories will package and distribute products manually, which will increase the risk of injury to workers. However, with the continuous progress of technology, factories will use more flexible robot palletizing for product packaging and distribution.

In the past, workers would cause additional injuries by repeatedly lifting large or heavy objects, and the daily work area would also cause injuries to workers. Now the factory will use robot palletizing for daily stacking work and place protective devices in the work area outside the feed conveyor belt, which can reduce the possibility of injury to workers.

機器人碼垛

同時機器人碼垛擁有較好的精度,並且它們每次都會按照工人編寫的程序來完成產品的輸送工作。同時工廠為機器人碼垛配備了臂端工具,這些工具可以對理袋子、提桶、紙板箱和沉重的手提袋進行有效的處理;並且在處理過程中,不會損壞產品的外殼。

At the same time, the robot palletizing has a good accuracy, and they will complete the conveying work of products according to the program written by workers every time. At the same time, the factory is equipped with arm end tools for robot palletizing, which can effectively handle bags, pails, cardboard boxes and heavy handbags; and in the process, the shell of products will not be damaged.

控製設計一開始就是提出對現實世界的抽象,即模型,用它來解釋傳感器讀數並做出決定。隻要現實按照模型的假設行事,就可以做出很好的猜測並發揮控製作用。但是,一旦現實世界背離了這些假設,將不再能夠做出正確的猜測,並且控製也將丟失。通常,一旦失去控製權,就無法重獲控製權。(除非有一些仁慈的外部力量將其還原。)

The beginning of control design is to present an abstraction of the real world, a model, to interpret sensor readings and make decisions. As long as the reality acts according to the assumptions of the model, it can make a good guess and play a controlling role. However, once the real world deviates from these assumptions, it will no longer be able to make correct guesses and control will be lost. Usually, once control is lost, control cannot be regained. (unless it is restored by some kind external force.)

這是機器人碼垛編程如此困難的主要原因之一。經常看到實驗室中新研究機器人的視頻,這些視頻表現出出色的敏捷性,導航性或團隊合作精神,很想問:“為什麽在現實世界中不使用它?” 好吧,下次您看到這樣的視頻時,請看看實驗室環境受到了多麽嚴格的控製。

在大多數情況下,隻要環境條件保持在其內部模型的狹窄範圍內,這些機器人就隻能執行這些令人印象深刻的任務。因此,機器人技術發展的一個關鍵是開發更加複雜,靈活和健壯的模型,而這種發展受可用計算資源的限製。

This is one of the main reasons why robot palletizing programming is so difficult. I often see videos of new research robots in the laboratory, which show excellent agility, navigation or teamwork spirit, and I would like to ask, "why not use it in the real world?" Well, the next time you see a video like this, take a look at how tightly controlled the lab environment is.

In most cases, these robots can only perform these impressive tasks as long as the environmental conditions remain within the narrow limits of their internal models. Therefore, a key to the development of robotics is to develop more complex, flexible and robust models, which are limited by available computing resources.